Linguistics at Indiana University

Fall 1997

In this issue:
Short Notices
Ph.D. Degrees Awarded / Ph.D. Defenses
Degrees Awarded
Faculty Notes
Student Notes
Alumni News

This newsletter is published twice a year by the Department of Linguistics, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (e-mail:; telephone: (812) 855-6456). Edited and produced by Victoria Pronevitz and Liz Peterson with editorial assistance from Samuel Obeng, Assistant Professor of Linguistics, Paul Newman, Department Chair, Ann Baker, Administrative Assistant, and Sandy Davis, Administrative Secretary. Transferred to HTML by Mikael Thompson.

IU hosts third annual MCWOP

The IU linguistics department hosted the third Midcontinental Workshop on Phonology (MCWOP) the weekend of October 17th. More than 60 registered participants from universities such as Ohio State, Illinois, Michigan, Northwestern, Kentucky, Louisville, Iowa, and Southern Illinois attended. Thirty-two papers were presented during the weekend. Our department's students, faculty, and alumni made a strong showing at the workshop. These contributors were:

Papers from recent alumni of our department included:

The success of the workshop was in a large part due to the efforts of the MCWOP organizing committee, which included Karen Baertsch, Chin Wan Chung, Stuart Davis, Ken de Jong, Jeff Grote, Mafuyu Kitahara, Byung-Jin Lim, Keiichi Tajima, Laura Wilbur, and especially Bushra Zawaydeh, who oversaw virtually every aspect of the organizing.

Stuart Davis, MCWOP Advisor and Professor of Phonetics

Department welcomes eleven new grad students

Eleven new students entered the M.A. program this year, from diverse linguistic backgrounds and cultures.
Hafid Adnane graduated from the University of Moulay Ismail in Meknes, Morocco in the Department of English Letters and Literature. During his final year at the university, he wrote a monograph about Arabic syntax. He calls his home, Midelt, Morocco, "a beautiful little town in the great Atlas mountains." At IU he is interested in studying applied linguistics and syntax. His hobbies are jogging , basketball, music, and correspondence.
Debbie Burleson is living in Bloomington for a second time, this time after leaving her corporate life behind in Indianapolis. Her son also started this year at IU as an undergrad freshman. Debbie and her daughter are living together in Bloomington while her husband tries to sell their old house in Indy. She hopes to apply the Hindi she is learning now to future linguistic studies.

Back row. Ji-yung Kim, Ibro Chekaraou, Mikael Thompson, Elizabeth Peterson, Nicole Evans.
Front row. Danielle Newcom, Minkyeong Lee, Kyoko Nagao, Betsy McCall.

Ibro Chekaraou is from Niger, where he was a high school English teacher for three years. He also was a part-time English teacher at the American Cultural Center (USIS) in Niamey, Niger's capital city. He transferred from Kansas University to IU after he was hired as an AI to teach Hausa. He likes the small city life, feels lucky to have been hired as an instructor in such a good department, and enjoys meeting the people from all over the world who also study at IU. In any spare time, he enjoys discussions and watching martial arts practice.
Nicole Evans is the only new student who also received her undergraduate degree through the department. The Linguistics Department here offers a good background, she feels, in theoretical linguistics. She plans to earn her M.A., then to move into anthropological linguistics, documenting and preserving endangered Native American languages. She soon will start work on a language program for Pawnee and probably will do fieldwork on the language this summer in Oklahoma.
Ji-yung Kim earned a B.A. in English Language Education from Seoul National University last February. She says she enjoys life in Bloomington, and feels lucky to have Karen Baertsch and Dr. Dinnsen as her mentor and advisor, respectively. Ji-yung spent six years of her childhood in Limoges, France, while her parents earned their degrees. After moving to Seoul in 1984, she says she grew up like a typical Korean child. One linguistic goal for her is to come up with a unified account of the lexicon some day.
Minkyung Lee is from Pusan, Korea, one of the country's largest port cities. She has a Korean master's degree in linguistics. She is enjoying the beautiful autumn in Bloomington and is becoming used to life in the Midwest, U.S. She is dedicated to helping other new students succeed in the department.
Betsy McCall, from a town near Cleveland, started a degree in astronomy a "long, long time ago" before winding her way into linguistics. She enjoys learning about languages and is now taking an Old English course. She is adjusting to life better in Bloomington than her mother is to life without Betsy her mother continues to feed stray cats and squirrels.
Kyoko Nagao came to IU with an M.A. in Phonetics from Konan University in Kobe, Japan. She also will specialize in phonetics here. Her favorite class right now is math for SPHS. She spends much of her time in Bloomington at the library researching languages.
Danielle Newcom, a native of St. Louis, earned a B.A. in German and French (with a minor in anthropology) from Oklahoma Baptist University. She is pleased with the linguistics program at IU, and says the professors go out of their way to be helpful. She is interested in pursuing phonology further. She enjoys opera, classical music, classic movies, and "The Muppets."
Liz Peterson left a background in journalism and communication in Salt Lake City, Utah, to use language in a more theoretical sense. She is interested in sociolinguistics and historical linguistics, particulartly with regard to Finnish.
Mikael Thompson, a native of Fort Worth, Texas, graduated with a quadruple major in history, linguistics, Asian studies, and medieval studies from Rice University. He will specialize in the histories of Mongolian, Korean, and the Tungusic languages and perhaps Chinese historical linguistics. In his spare time he listens to music and collects coins.

Student/Faculty colloquia committee attracts top scholars

This fall, faculty and students formed a colloquium/intellectual socialization committee to organize and sponsor colloquia featuring noted linguists. Professors Yoshihisa Kitagawa and Julie Auger are the faculty supervisors. The student members are: Mafuyu Kitahara, Tiffany Kershner, Ae-Ryung Kim, and Masanori Deguchi.
The committee is doing its best to bring in speakers of great quality and diversity, and also to create informal and enjoyable post-colloquium gatherings where faculty and students can meet the speaker and have informal conversations.
Three talks were presented this semester, the first in September by Julie Auger, "Morphosyntactic variation and subject-doubling in Québec colloquial French." The second was presented in October by Junko Ito (UC Santa Cruz), entitled, "Branching Structures." Ito's talk was a Horizons of Knowledge lecture, co-sponsored by the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures and the Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences. A third colloquium, by Lydia White (McGill University), was presented in December entitled, "Morphological variation in second language acquisition: truncation or missing inflection?"
The committee invites any student who is interested in becoming a committee member to join. Contact Professor Kitagawa by e-mail at or Professor Auger at for more information.
For the spring semester, Mark Baker, a syntactician from McGill, is scheduled for January. Other presenters are under negotiation.

Sociolinguistics professor joins faculty

Dr. Julie Auger is the newest professor to join the faculty of the Linguistics Department. Also faculty in the French and Italian Department, Professor Auger specializes in studying and teaching linguistics from a sociolinguistic perspective. She is teaching L520 (sociolinguistics) and a French dialectology course this semester. Professor Auger came to Indiana from McGill University, in Quebec, where she held a similar faculty appointment. She was a visiting professor at IU in the French and Italian Department for the academic year 1993-94. Her research includes studies of French dialects (Québec French, Picard) morpho-syntax, and variation theory. She received a grant from the Canadian and Quebec governments to fund her ongoing study of Picard, a dialect of northern France. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1994.

Julie Auger

A native of Quebec City, Professor Auger enjoys the small-city life in Bloomington. She swims a few times each week, enjoys ice skating, music, watching hockey, films, and cooking.

Indiana University Linguistics Club News

The IULC does much more than sponsor talks and publish research. We are an organization for all linguistics students at Indiana University. In order to raise awareness of Club activities during our 30th anniversary year, let's take a look at what we have been doing.
Thanks to Victoria Pronevitz, the Club expanded the peer mentor program for incoming graduate students in Linguistics. IULC officers alongside faculty welcomed new students at the orientation meeting held August 29th. Following the orientation, everyone got a chance to get acquainted at the Fall Picnic, where many faculty and students came to eat, socialize, and play volleyball. We've sponsored two movie nights to give students a chance to meet in an informal environment.
We would like to announce a contest open to all students in honor of the IULC's 30 years: design a logo for our special 'limited edition' T-shirts. If your design is voted the best, you win a free T-shirt. The designs will be due at the beginning of the Spring semester. Check the IULC bulletin board and your e-mail for more details. Additionally, on December 5th the IULC co-sponsored a talk by Lydia White, a prominent researcher in SLA.
Because the IULC is a student organization, we are currently re-organizing the Reading Room to make way for a computer and printer for student use. We are attempting to create a more student friendly room.
We'd like to note that it's not too late to become a member: you can join the club any time of the year. How to do that: fill in a membership application form, which you can find on the IULC bulletin board in Memorial Hall, and put that form together with a check to Indiana University Linguistics Club for $10 in an envelope. Drop the envelope in Bushra Zawaydeh's mailbox in 317B Memorial Hall. With membership you support a world-famous organization, most likely the oldest Linguistics Club in the U.S.; receive 20 percent off IULC publications; and are eligible for a small travel grant if your paper is accepted at a conference. Remember, the IULC is what you make of it!
IULC PUBLICATIONS announces the following new title: Kpelle-English Dictionary with an English-Kpelle Glossary by Elizabeth Winkler.
Forthcoming: Optimal Viewpoints (papers in honor of the 30th Anniversary of the IULC), edited by Stuart Davis. This collection is dedicated to June Wickboldt, IULC Publications Business Manager, in grateful appreciation for her years of dedicated service and leadership to this organization. A Model of Mutation in Welsh by Nicholas J. Kibre. We thank Alex Eulenberg for his assistance in the production of the cover design for this book.

Professor Emeritus Carleton T. Hodge turns 80

Carleton T. Hodge, Professor Emeritus of Linguistics and Anthropology, celebrated his 80th birthday in November. Dr. Hodge, who retired from Indiana University in 1983, originally came to the university to head the Intensive Language Training Center and then became a full member of the Linguistics Department.
Hodge claims that personal influences, not events, are responsible for the directions one's life takes. He cites a list of people he encountered at appropriate times to help direct him into anthropology, linguistics, African Linguistics, the Foreign Service Institute, and finally to Indiana University.
Hodge was introduced to anthropology when he was fortunate enough to be awarded a scholarship to DePauw University during the Depression. At DePauw, Hodge met the anthropologist Carl Voegelin, who encouraged him to attend graduate school rather than the seminary. Hodge went on to study at the University of Pennsylvania, where he developed an interest in African languages, with encouragement from the American Council of Learned Societies. His Ph.D. dissertation was on Hausa, a language about which he published a number of significant works, both analytical and pedagogical. Hodge also had expertise in Egyptian and he played a vital role in the emerging field of comparative Afroasiatic linguistics. Immediately after receiving his degree. Hodge was invited to Indiana University by Voegelin to work for the Army Specialized Training Program as an instructor for Serbo-Croatian and Bulgarian--languages in which Hodge had no background.
In 1947, Hodge was recruited into the newly-formed Foreign Service Institute, the language wing of the State Department, which afforded him the opportunity to travel widely throughout Europe and the Middle East. During his tenure with FSI, Hodge served as a part time pastor of four county churches in the Appalachian Mountains, and he also taught at John Hopkins and Brandeis Universities. Hodge left the FSI in 1964 for Indiana University, again at the invitation of Carl Voegelin. Since his retirement, Hodge has continued to work, write papers, and attend academic conferences. Much of his research has been comparative/historical in nature, particular dealing with the relationship between the Indo-European and Afroasiatic families (for which he has coined the term Lislakh). A full list of his publications can be found in the recently published bibliography prepared by Professor Gyula Décsy.
Hodge is an avid book collector, with a magnificent personal library at his home. For the last 14 years, he and his wife Pat have served as active volunteers for the annual Red Cross book fair and for the weekly book sales at the Monroe County Library in Bloomington.

Visiting scholar from Warsaw

Piotr Banski is a visiting scholar from the Institute of English Studies at Warsaw University, Poland. At the university he teaches courses in syntax, intro to phonetics, phonology and morphology as well as history of the English language. Banski's primary interests are syntax and phonology-syntax interface. His most recent work includes an article entitled, "Polish auxiliary clitics: morphology or syntax?" which he presented both at the ZAS workshop on clitics in May 1996 (in Berlin) and at an evening workshop at the Summer School on Generative Grammar in Olomouc in August '96. Banski will be at IU until early June.

Awards Received

COAS travel grants to present papers were awarded to:

A Grant-in-aid from the Research Foundation of the National Council of Teachers of English for studies on aspects of the teaching of English was awarded to Terese Thonus.

The Fred W. Householder Fund

The Fred W. Householder Fund was established to support graduate student research. Awards, which are normally between $100 and $400, enable students to cover the expenses of materials or payment to subjects related to specific, clearly defined research projects. The projects are often, but not exclusively, connected with students' dissertation work.
Recent contributions have been received by the following students, colleagues, and relatives and friends of Householder, to whom we express our deepest appreciation:

Robert BotneLynne Householder
Stuart DavisTokuichiro Matsuda
Kenneth HalePaul Newman

Recipients of Householder awards are Wendy Boren (support fieldwork research on Akan at the University of Ghana), Debra Hardison (support research in establishing a speech training program for Japanese and Korean students who were enrolled in the Intensive English Program), and Bushra Zawaydeh (support research in Amman, Jordan on the dialect of Bedouin Jordanian Arabic).

Professor and student try new teaching strategy

Ken de Jong and Joerg Tiede have been trying an experiment in teaching syntactic modelling to introductory linguistics (L303). The experiment required students with little or no background in linguistics to write working phrase-structure grammars. To do this, they got the university to obtain a license for PSG (Phrase Structure Grammar) Lab, a program developed at the University of Gothenberg. The program runs on a Mac, and allows the student to write a small lexicon and grammar which can be used to generate random sentences, as well as parse input sentences into trees. Following the lead of Philosophy and Cognitive Science of using Tarski's World and Turing's World to teach the basic concepts of logic and computability, they hoped that getting students to use PSG Lab would help them get a productive understanding of how grammars work.
Trying to use computers for teaching subjects not normally presented on a computer can be a challenge for both student and instructor. Joerg worked extensively in the summer with the Teaching and Learning Technologies Laboratory (TLTL) in Ballantine Hall. The staff of TLTL helped in purchasing the software, setting up a way to distribute it to the students over the web, and a host of other organizational and technical questions entailed by getting 80 students access to the program.
Over the course of the first half of the semester, the students completed a series of assignments which built on one another. The students began by setting up a lexicon using morphosyntactic categories. After introducing the first basic rules, the weekly assignments expanded these to include generalized conjunction, verb subcategorization, subject-verb agreement, and pronoun case-marking. In the end, the average grammar included around 35 rules. The midterm exam following these assignments was designed to test the understanding of the concepts of syntax and argumentation rather than explicit questions about the program. Overall performance on this exam was definitely better than previous semesters.

Short Notes

Ph.D. Degrees Awarded / Ph.D. Defenses

Ph.D. degrees were awarded to the following students during the past six months:

The following students have defended their Ph.D. dissertations this semester:

Degrees Awarded

M.A. degrees were awarded to the following students during the past six months:

General Linguistics TESOL and Applied Linguistics

B.A. degrees were awarded to the following students during the past six months:

Faculty Notes

Christopher Atwood delivered a paper "Inner Mongolian Nationalism in the 1920s: A Survey of Archival Information" at the Symposium on Mongolian Archival Sources at Tokyo University of Foreign in October.

J. Clancy Clements (Spanish and Portuguese) presented a paper "Ergativity in Spanish" at El Primer Coloquio de Linguistica Española held in October at Miami University (Oxford, OH). He was appointed Resident Director of the Wisconsin-Indiana-Purdue Overseas Study Program for the academic year 1998-99.

Stuart Davis's paper "A Sympathetic Account on Nasal Substitution in Ponapean Reduplication" has just appeared in Phonology at Santa Cruz, vol. 5. Davis and former student Gina Torretta presented a paper "An Optimality-Theoretic Account of Compensatory Lengthening and Geminate Throwback in Trukese" at both the Northeastern Linguistics Society (NELS) meeting in Toronto and MCWOP3. He has also presented a poster paper with Seung-Hoon Shin entitled "Is There a Syllable Contact Constraint?" at the Hopkins Optimality Theory Workshop held in Baltimore in May, and another poster paper with Isao Ueda entitled "Constraint-Based Analysis of Japanese Rhotacism" at the ICPLA (International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association) meeting held in Nijmegen in October.

Ken de Jong is continuing work with Anna Bosch (University of Kentucky) on Barra Gaelic, especially looking at the question of how syllabification works in the language. They presented two papers on this research last spring, one at the Second Celtic Linguistics Conference in Dublin, and the other at the 5th Manchester Phonology Conference in Manchester. de Jong presented a paper with Samuel Obeng at the 1997 Conference on African Linguistics. The paper was on the historical and synchronic factors which give rise to the typologically weird combination of labialization and palatalization in Twi.

Daniel Dinnsen and Jessica Barlow's paper "On the characterisation of a chain shift in normal and delayed phonological acquisition" was accepted for publication in Journal of Child Language. Another paper of theirs, "Root and manner feature faithfulness in acquisition," has been accepted for publication in the Proceedings of the 1997 Boston University Conference on Language Development. Their article with Michele Morrisette, "Long-distance place assimilation with an interacting error pattern in phonological acquisition," appeared in the recent issue of Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics. Dinnsen's chapter "Nonsegmental phonologies" appeared this summer in The New Phonologies volume edited by Martin Ball and Ray Kent. Dinnsen also coauthored a paper, "A follow-up study of the linguistic and intellectual abilities of children who were phonologically disordered," with Tom Powell and Mary Elbert which was presented at the recent meeting of the International Clinical Phonetics & Linguistics Association held in Nijmegen.

Steven Franks coedited a book, Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics: The Indiana Meeting, published by Michigan Slavic Materials. (The coeditor was Martina Lindseth, IU Slavics Ph.D., 1996.) He and Sue Brown published a paper "The Syntax of Pleonastic Negation in Russian" in Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics: The Cornell Meeting. He was a speaker at Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics 6, University of Connecticut, where he spoke on "Parameters of Slavic Morphosyntax revisited: a minimalist retrospective" in May 1997. Franks spent a month in Warsaw, on an IU International Programs short term faculty exchange, where he gave four lectures. He also gave lectures in Berlin and Leipzig.

Michael Gasser's paper with Linda B. Smith and Cathy Sandhofer, "Learning to talk about the properties of objects: A network model of the development of dimensions" recently appeared in Mechanisms of Perceptual Learning, a volume in the Psychology of Learning and Motivation series.

Hyo Sang Lee (Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures) gave a lecture at the Workshop on Aspect in East Asian Languages during the LSA Institute at Cornell University, entitled "Dynamicity as an archiconcept in the Korean grammar."

Paul Newman was a plenary speaker at the Second World Congress of African Linguistics, held this past summer at the University of Leipzig, Germany. His paper was, "On writing a reference grammar of an African language: From inception to culmination." He was also a participant in the special Symposium on Endangered Languages in Africa, which took place during the Congress. He presented a paper "The natural history of geminates" at the Sixth Workshop on Comparative Linguistics, held at Wayne State University (Detroit) in November. Newman's latest publication is the chapter "Hausa phonology" in Phonologies of Asia and Africa, ed. by Alan Kaye (1997). This two-volume work includes a phonological sketch of Oromo by IU alumna Maria-Rosa Lloret (Ph.D. 1988).

Samuel Obeng presented "Judicial Communication Strategies: A Pragmalinguistic and Sociopragmatic Description of the Discourse and Other Communicative Strategies in Asante Queenmother's Court" at the International Workshop on Women, Language & Law at IU in April. He also presented "Language and Gender: Women in Akan Highlife Discourse" in April at the 29th African Studies, Anthropology and Folklore Seminar at IU. In July Obeng presented "Requests in Akan Discourse" at the Annual Conference on African Linguistics at Cornell.

Alice ter Meulen gave a lecture at the Cornell LSA Summer Institute in June entitled, "How to tell events apart" in the workshop on events in lexical and logical semantics. She also gave a lecture in September at the Royal Academy of Sciences, Amsterdam called "Dutch reflexives, verbal morphology and aspect--an issue of interface economics" and gave a lecture entitled, "Chronoscopes--dynamic tools for tense and aspect" at the University of Amsterdam in October. Her book, Representing Time in Natural Language: The dynamic interpretation of tense and aspect has been reissued in a paperback edition (1997).

Albert Valdman's edited volume, French and Creole in Louisiana, was recently published by Plenum. In addition to the introduction, Valdman co-authored two of the eleven chapters of the book: a description of Louisiana Creole with Tom Klingler, an IU Ph.D. in French linguistics, and a study of the lexicon of Cajun and Louisiana Creole with Tom Klingler and Michael Picone. Kevin Rottet, another IU Ph.D., co-authored the chapter on the linguistic structure of Cajun. Valdman was also the featured speaker at a conference on "Slavery in the Francophone World," where he spoke on "Creole: the linguistic outcome of slavery." He was invited as the only linguist at a seminar on "Creole Renaissance," organized by a group of African-Louisianans who wish to revitalize their language. Among his recent publications are several invited chapters: "La créolisation," in Contact Linguistics, vol. 1, ed. by H. Goebl, et al. (1996); "Français louisianais ou cadien / créole en Louisiane," in Contacts de langues, contacts de cultures, créolisation, ed. by M.-C. Hazael-Massieux & D. de Robillard (1997); "L'étiolement linguistique," (language death), in Sociolinguistique: concepts de base, ed. by M.-L. Moreau (1997).

Barbara Vance (French & Italian) has published a book entitled Syntactic Change in Medieval French: Verb-Second and Null Subjects (Kluwer, 1997).

Student Notes

Chin Wan Chung's paper entitled "A correspondence theoretic approach to partial reduplication in Korean" has just appeared in Studies in the Linguistic Sciences vol. 27.

Debra Hardison presented a paper entitled "Bimodal Input in Second-language Speech: Focus on /r/ and /l/" at New Sounds '97 Third International Symposium on the Acquisition of Second Language Speech at the University of Klagenfurt, Austria in September, for which she received a travel grant from the College of Arts and Sciences. The paper will be published in the proceedings to be edited by Jonathan Leather. Another paper, "The Role of Attention in Second Language Speech Development," was presented at the Second Language Research Forum at Michigan State University in October.

Ae-ryung Kim presented "VP-Complement in HI-Causatives" at the 8th Japanese/Korean Linguistics Conference held at Cornell in July. Jong-Kyoo Kim presented "Anti-trapping effect in an iambic system: Vowel shortening in Korean" also at the 8th Japanese/Korean Linguistics Conference held at Cornell University in July.

Mafuyu Kitahara presented a poster paper, "Pitch accent, phrase tones, and vowel devoicing in Tokyo Japanese" at the 133th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, at Penn State in June. He also presented "The Interaction of Pitch Accent and Vowel Devoicing in Tokyo Japanese," at the 8th Japanese/Korean Linguistics Conference at Cornell in July.

Jae-Ick Park and Chin Wan Chung presented "Passive Allomorphs and Their Constraints in Korean Verbs" at the 7th Harvard International Symposium on Korean Linguistics, held in July.

Keiichi Tajima presented a poster paper "Cross-linguistic speech rhythm in a phrase repetition task" at the 133rd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, at Penn State in June. His presentation was the winner of the Best Student Paper Award in Speech Communication. He was also invited to present his research during an informal lunch talk at Ohio State University Dept. of Linguistics in June.

Alumni News

Three years ago Eyamba Bokamba, an IU alumnus (Ph.D., 1976) who is a Professor of Linguistics at the University of Illinois and a major figure in African linguistics, suffered an almost fatal car accident, which looked as if it were going to leave him essentially immobile for the rest of his life. A combination of successful surgery (after a number of failures) and courage and determination on the part of Bokamba and his wife and family resulted in a remarkable recovery. In October, Bokamba hosted a "Celebration to Life" party attended by friends and colleagues throughout the country. The master of ceremonies for the event was Professor Salikoko Mufwene of the University of Chicago. IU was represented by Paul and Roxana Newman. Particularly moving was the presence at the party of members of Bokamba's host families when he first came to the U.S. as a high school student in Ohio and then when he began college in Kansas.

Eyamba Bokamba

Tometro Hopkins of Florida International University (IU Ph.D. 1992) is the new editor of the newly redesigned pidgin and creole newsletter, the Carrier Pidgin.

David A. Reibel (M.A., 1954; Ph.D., 1963) was the first secretary of the IULC. He and his fellow graduate students started the club to offer an alternative forum for the expression of linguistic ideas to those which were available in Professor Carl Voegelin's celebrated Monday evening Linguistics Seminar. From these beginnings the club has blossomed into the IULC as we know it today a nationally known publisher and club.

During his career Reibel has worked at such varied places as: the National Security Agency in Washington, DC; the Department of English as a Second Language at the University of Illinois; the Air Force Language Program at IU; the Survey of English Usage in the English Department at University College in London; the University of California at San Diego (by invitation from Leonard Newmark an IU alumnus); the Department of Language at the University of York, England; and the Department of English as a Second Language at the University of Hawaii. He was the Chair of English Language in the Department of English Language and Literature at Eberhard-Karls-Universitt Tbingen where he worked for twenty years until he retired in March 1995. He owes a great deal of his success to many teachers, but especially to Harold 'Fritz' Whitehall, Fred W. Householder, Jr. and David Bidney.